Background. After 1990, there was a significant decline in total standardized mortality in the Czech Republic. One
of the potential causes comprises improved lifestyle. The aim of this report is to present data concerning the lifestyle
of the middle-aged urban population and incidence of risk factors of chronic non-infectious diseases associated with
lifestyle, including socioeconomic markers as important health determinants.
Methods and Results. In 1998–2002, a total of 27 cities in the Czech Republic were tested for population health
and associated behavioural patterns. In each city 400 male and 400 female subjects aged 45–54 years were
randomly selected. Half of this sample was encouraged to undergo medical examination. Resulting data showed
that 52.2 % of men and 54.6 % of women had insufficient physical activity. A total of 43.1 % men and 34.9 %
women were regular smokers and 24.1 % men and 21.2 % suffered from obesity. Increased risk of cardiovascular
disease was detected in 18 % of men and 1.2 % of women. Gender differences for all of these markers were
statistically significant. A statistically significant relationship concerning socio-economic markers and health
condition was recorded.
Conclusions. Although relatively well aware of the importance of a healthy lifestyle, the middle-aged urban
population showed high incidence of influenceable risk factors for chronic diseases. Men compared to women had
higher rates of risk factors and were at higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
urban population, risk factors, lifestyle, socio–economic markers.