Lung transplantation has evolved to a standard treatment modality for patients suffering fromend-stage lung diseases
and it provides very good short- and satisfactory long-term survival. Accepted indications for lung transplantation
include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other causes of emphysema (i.e., alpha-1-antitrypsin
deficiency), parenchymal diseases (i.e., idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), genetic disorders such as cystic fibrosis,
vascular diseases (i.e., primary pulmonary hypertension), chronic infectious diseases (i.e., bronchiectasis), as well
as rare indications such as lymphangioleiomyomatosis or sarcoidosis. Presented article reviews the current strategies
in the treatment of lung transplant recipients, surgical techniques, limitations of and effects of lung transplantation.
lung transplantation-indications-surgical technique-postoperative care-results.