The authors describe a fatal case of tertian malaria (Plasmodium vivax) imported to the Czech Republic from
India. Severe clinical symptoms leading to shock and multi-organ failure are more frequent in tropical malaria (P.
falciparum). Despite the use oc continuous veno-venous haemodiafiltration HLA-DR decline and death occurred.
The effect of the administered antimalarias drugs was good.
lethal tertian malaria (Plasmodium vivax), veno-venous haemodiafiltration, HLA-DR, quinine.