The case of acute oesophageal necrosis in 56-year-old patient with tumor dissemination is presented. Acute endoscopy
was performed after several hours lasting haematemesis and melena. Endoscopy revealed acute oesophageal
necrosis in more than 2/3 of the oesophagus. Patient was treated with proton pump blockers and the total parenteral
sustenance was introduced. Three days after the hospital admission the patient died in the septical metabolic disorder
resulting from a disseminated spinocellular carcinoma of cervix uteri. Autopsy confirmed necrosis of oesophageal
mucosa penetrating into the muscularis mucosae. Acute oesophageal necrosis is a rare disease, which is characteristic
by the endoscopic finding of „black oesophagus“, histological image of mucous membrane necrosis and by unknown
aetiology. The article gives an overview of contemporary knowledge on the clinical, endoscopic and histologic
images. The finding of „black oesophagus“, which has been reported by several endoscopic units, has highly
heterogeneous origin and it represents 0.0125 % (Moreto) till 0.28 % (Augusto) of cases. Our department has recorded
2 cases from 24 271 of endoscopies performed in the last 8 years.
acute oesophageal necrosis, black oesophagus, oesophageal ischemia.