Disorders of endocrine system are often associated with diabetes mellitus. Overproduction of hormones with
hyperglycaemic effect, for example that of growth hormone or cortisol, can lead to impaired glucose tolerance or
even to induce manifestation of diabetes mellitus. Autoimmune character of some endocrinopathies is a well-known
cause of diabetes mellitus type 1 and also of the thyroid gland involvement. Diabetes mellitus, especially with a poor
glycaemic control, influences various functions of endocrine organs. The most frequent disturbances are the slow
down of the growth in children and adolescents and hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis dysfunction in women. This
review summarizes relationship between the most common endocrinopathies and diabetes mellitus.
diabetes mellitus, endocrinopathy, diabetogenic effect of hormones, autoimmunity.