Background. 1162 new cases of tuberculosis were diagnosed in the Czech Republic in 2003; pulmonary tuberculosis
represented 942 cases and in 660 cases the diagnosis of tuberculosis was bacteriologically confirmed.
Methods and Results. 355 cases were smear positive tuberculosis. The increase of certain TB cases (70 %) in 2003
compared to 2002 is not statistically significant (p=0,031). The notification rate (incidence) in 2003 was 11,4/100
000 all cases of tuberculosis, 9,2/100 000 pulmonary tuberculosis and 6,5/100 000 certain cases of tuberculosis.
Conclusions. Compared to 2002 a decline of all forms of tuberculosis was observed, this decline however was not
statistically significant. The increase in bacteriologically confirmed tuberculosis and smear positive tuberculosis was
also not statistically significant.
tuberculosis, epidemiology, notification, annual risk of infection.