Background. Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most frequent infectious complications after renal transplan-
tation (Tx). We tried to analyse whether the urinary tract infection was one of the factors which participated in the
lower allograft survival rates and in the reduced allograft function in urologically complicated (UC) patients.
Methods and Results. We observed 77 patients after Tx whom 42 had urinary fistula, 32 had urinary tract dilatation
a 3 suffered from both complications. They were observed from January 1992 through December 1999. 100 patients
without urological complications represented a control group (N). Obtained data was statistically evaluated using
-test, correlation analysis. Graft and patient survival rates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
We have found that UC patients after Tx had worse renal function compared with patients not suffering from this
complications. Using Kaplan-Meier methods we have found that graft survival rate in patients with UC is significantly
lower than that in the control group (5-year graft survival 0.6 vs 0.82, p<0.01). On the other hand there were no
differences in the 5-year patients survival rate between the followed groups of patients (0.74 vs 0.83). There was no
significant correlation between predicted creatinine clearance and followed indicators of UTI – total time of positive
urine bacterial cultivation, number of infectious periods and total time of antibiotic therapy. There were no significant
differences in graft survival during 5 years between patients with UTI and control group.
Conclusions. Our results suggest that patients with UC are at increased risk of urinary tract infection. Our findings
are in keeping with the assumption that UTI in patients with UC do not significantly participate in the decreased
level of graft function and in the shorter graft survival rates.
renal transplant, urological complication, urinary tract infection, renal function, graft survival.