Enantiomerization is a first-order reaction; it means interconversion of one enantiomer into another (and vice versa).
This phenomenon is a typical feature of some configurationally unstable chiral compounds and it complicates separation
of racemic mixtures. For the study of enantiomerization, chromatographic separation techniques (GC, SFC, CE,
MEKC, HPLC) and NMR can be used. Chromatographic methods suitable for investigation of enantiomerization include
dynamic chromatography (if time scales of enantiomerization and separation are the same) and stopped-flow
chromatography (time scales of both processes are different). The present paper surveys the research of enantiomerization
from 1975, when papers describing enantiomerization in greater detail were published, to the present. Today,
mathematical approaches and computer-assisted deconvolution procedures are commonly used for evaluation of enantiomerization
– calculation of thermodynamic parameters (ΔGapp, ΔHapp, ΔSapp) and rate constants (k1app,
k(-1)app). The aim of many publications was not only determination of the enantiomerization energy barrier, but the
influence of the chiral stationary phase on enantiomerization was studied as well. In some cases, enantiomerization
was used for preparative purposes – a pure enantiomer was obtained and thus complicated synthesis was excluded.
enantiomerization – interconversion – configuration unstable drugs – kinetic rate constants –