Background. The aim of the study is to assess the prognostic value of p53 positivity in the non-tumor
mucosa of urinary bladder in patients with superficial urinary bladder carcinoma.
Methods and Results. In 45 patients cold cup non-tumor mucosa samples were taken at the same time
with the TUR of superficial urinary bladder carcinoma prospectively. Monoclonal antibody BP53-12-1
was used for the detection of p53 protein. When identifying positive colouring only the nuclear
immunoreactivity was being evaluated. 200 nuclei at minimum were examined in several representative
fields. The McCarthy method in Bacus modification was used to analyse the findings. It is
a semiquantitative method which detects not only the percentage of p53 positive cells but also the
intensity of positivity classified into four degrees (0 – negative, 1 – slightly positive, 2 – distinctly
positive, 3 – strongly positive). The intensity of p53 positivity was quantified as HSCORE, where
HSCORE = ∑Pi (i + 1), in which i is one of the four see above degrees and Pi fluctuates from 0 % to
100 %. The result is a numerical figure from 100–400. A negative finding is of HSCORE 100, HSCORE
of 400 is the highest possible. The samples were analysed in the analytical system LUCIA. The
borderline value was quantified to HSCORE 200. All patients were carefully followed up and treated
using usual schemes. The results were evaluated by the use of SAS system (Cary, USA). Thirty patients
recurred during the follow-up and 7 of them progressed. The average HSCORE in those who did not
recur was 130.2, in patients with the recurrence of tumor it was 162.5 and in patients with progression
it was 169.2. We have found a correlation between the HSCORE and the risk of recurrence, which was
Conclusions. The p53 positivity in non-tumor mucosa of urinary bladder in patients with superficial
bladder cancer may bring additional information when predicting the risk of recurrence. More extensive
studies need to be carried out.
bladder carcinoma, p53 protein, non-tumor mucosa, multifocality.