Background. The number of diseases caused by yeast and fungi has been increasing recently. The primary disease is
caused by dermatophytes and Cryptococcus neoformans. Other types of yeast and fungi can cause secondary
infections of patients with predisposition factors. Among the mycotic diseases diagnosed in our laboratory can be
included candidosis, cryptococcosis, aspergillosis and mucormycosis.
Methods and Results. In haematological patients Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida
tropicalis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae are the most frequently diagnosed.
Conclusions. Together with the increased number of examined samples, the rising number of strains resistant to azole
antimycotics can be observed.
primary pathogen, secondary pathogen, exoinfection, endoinfection, candidosis, cryptococcosis,
aspergillosis, mucormycosis, antimycotics.