Background. Heavy metals can negatively influence reproduction because in sensitive persons they are able to alter
the immune reactions including autoantibodies production. The altered immune reaction can then cause infertility.
Methods and Results. The in vitro lymphocyte reaction after stimulation with metals, the production of interferon
(IFN-gamma) and antisperm antibodies in supernatants after lymphocyte stimulation in patients with infertility and
with the antisperm antibodies present in their serum were investigated. The cause of antisperm antibodies presence
was not determined. The diagnosis of metal intolerance was performed by the proliferation method modified for
metals (Melisa®). In supernatants of tissue cultures of lymphocytes without the antigen stimulation and after
stimulation with mercury chloride, the in vitro production of gamma interferon and antisperm antibodies was studied
More than 50 % of patients did not tolerate mercury, iron, aluminium and silver. When the lymphocyte reaction was
compared in patients with and without mercury intolerance we found that lymphocytes of patients with mercury
intolerance produced less gamma interferon and more antisperm antibodies in supernatants after mercury stimulation
Conclusions. In patients with metal intolerance diagnosed by the Melisa® test, metal ions released from the dental
materials can represent a factor, that does not cause infertility but is able to influence it negatively.
metals, immune reaction, infertility, antisperm antibodies, Melisa test.