The standard diagnostic and staging evaluation of prostate cancer includes digital rectal examination, transrectal
ultrasonography (TRUS), serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level measurement, abdominal pelvic CT and
radionuclide bone scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (especially endorectal magnetic resonance) opens new
possibilities for diagnostic imaging of the prostate. It seems to be better for detecting seminal vesicle invasion.
Unfortunately, sensitivity in evaluation of minor capsular and seminal penetration is low and differentiation between
haemorrhage, chronic inflammatory, fibrotic changes and tumours is impossible.
magnetic resonance imaging, prostate neoplasms.