Professor Karel Maydl was born in Rokytnice nad Jizerou, where his father was employed at the local court. Czech
cardio-surgery was born with the first successful treatment of the stab in the heart, which was done by professor
Rychlík in 1910. The next few years the cardio-surgery was represented only by occasional treatment of heart injury.
Only in 1934 Jiří Diviš excided ganglion stelatum to cure angina pectoris and in 1936 he performed surgical treatment
of constrictive pericarditis. Article reviews all Essentials moments in the development of cardio-surgery in
Bohemia and Moravia. The second part of the paper gives at present the most frequently performed surgeries. It is
concluded that the Czech cardio-surgery has according to the numbers and duality of the treatment the west-European
level. At the end Professor Maydl, who died for heart failure, is quoted, why he himself had to be stroked by the
disease, which is not possible to treat with the knife. In the100 years since that it is possible to evaluate that in ICEM
283 medical doctors have been treated for the heart disease and results of their operations were Berger than in standard
population. It reproves the bad record of doctors to be bad patients.
History of cardio-surgery.