The study examined the qualitative properties of the essential oil obtained from the flower heads of the species
Tanacetum vulgare L. The composition of the essential oil was evaluated in plants from various localities, which
differed in the altitude, temperature gradient, as well as soil-climate conditions. With the use of gas chromatography
(GC/MS), 49 constituents of the essential oil were separated, out of which 35 was identified. The shares
of the constituents in the essential oil differed in dependence on the locality. In the lowest-lying locality with
a relatively large sunshine, the content of ß-tujons in the essential oil was the highest, whereas in the regions
lying towards the north the content of the essential oil was decreased and the content of camphor was increased.
In the northernmost region an increased number of chemovars of the camphor-cineole type was observed. In
conclusion, it must be said that different climatic and agrotechnical conditions, geographical origin and adaptation
of the genotypes of Tanacetum vulgare to the growth conditions can be the causes of the found chemotypes
in the localities under examination.
Tanacetum vulgare L. – essential oil – chemotype