Background. Empirical study on the migration trends in the Czech Republic was a part of the larger
research project run by the Research Institute for Labour and Social Affairs in Prague. The physicians
were identified as a high risk professional group from the point of view of “brain drain” which was
expected after accession of the Czech Republic to EU. To identify how many of the Czech physicians
consider migration during their professional life, the probability of the implementation of the migration
intention, the most frequent destination countries and push-pull migratory factors.
Methods and Results. Questionnaire survey was basically a pilot study in which 462 respondents
participated. Sample was not representative. Very high migration potential of the Czech physicians was
empirically verified; 45% of the respondents theoretically considered migration as a possible life’s
career. Probability that they will actually emigrate is substantially lower. Based on the used migratory
behavior model it is estimated that in the forthcoming years about 6% of the Czech hospital physicians
will leave their homeland to work abroad. The most popular destination countries are the Great Britain,
the Ireland, and the Germany. Push-pull migratory factors are as follows to get better income, to improve
language competencies, to experience more professional working conditions.
Conclusions. Decline of the Czech physicians due to migration is continuously mitigated by the
physicians coming from Slovakia. To consider the total number of the physicians, dramatic shortage is
not expected in the nearest future. There are some indicators suggesting higher probability of real
migration among high specialized middle aged Czech physicians in comparison to the young physicians.
migration intent, estimated migration, push-pull factors, destination countries, migration