Patients undergoing elective hip replacement and surgery for hip fracture are at increased risk of venous thromboembolic
disease, a potentially preventable cause of mortality and morbidity. Although the association between
these operations and venous thromboembolism has been recognized many years ago, there is still great variability
in the clinical practices with respect to prophylaxis. This article aims to clarify the incidence and risk
factors for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after hip operations, and give evidence-based
recommendations for prophylaxis adopted from the Seventh American College of Chest Physicians Conference
venous thromboembolic disease, prophylaxis, proximal femoral surgery.