In the Czech Republic in 1997 1834 new cases of TB and relapses were notified, i.e. 17.8 patients per 100 000
population. This number comprised 1557 cases of TB of respiratory tract (15.1 patients per 100 000 population). By
bacteriological examination 952 new cases of respiratory TB were confirmed (9.2 per 100 000 population) whereby
in 524 patients the sputum was direct smear positive. There were 277 (2.7/100 000) extrapulmonary forms. TB was
were in 1997 the cause of death of 62 patients (0.6/100 000). These numbers did not differ significantly from data
recorded in 1990 - 1996 and we may conclude from them that the stagnating character of TB persists. Newly detected
cases of pulmonary TB (affection of the pulmonary parenchyma only) were recorded in 1328 patients.
The notifications made it possible to create a set of direct and indirect epidemiological indicators (age distribution,
TB mortality) which made it possible to provide evidence that in this country the validity-notification did not change
substantially in recent years.
tuberculosis, screening of tuberculossi, tuberculosis register, epidemiological survey.