Tularemia was first described 90 years ago by McCoy as a disease of animals. At the beginning of twenties it was
recognised by E. Francis as a disease transmittable from animals to man. Tularemia is caused by a gram-negative
microbe Francisella tularensis. Epidemiological and clinical manifestations of the disease are highly diverse. The
characteristic sign is the primary complex consisting from an initial ulceration and a regional lymphadenitis. In the
Czech republic tularemia was first identified in 1936 in the south of Moravia and for the next years it occurred
sporadically or in epidemic form also in the western Moravia, in north-west and east of Bohemia. It affected persons
manipulating with the diseased animals, namely with hares, workers in animal farms and those working in cold
sections of sugar mills. After a longer pause, during the last six years, the incidence of tularemia has increased again.
That is why we decided to renew the understanding of the disease.
tularemia, epidemiology, diagnostics, clinics, therapy.