Background. Low level of physical activity is an independent risk factor of civilization disorders. Intervention
for increasing physical activity has been for generations mentioned in health care. Because of
low adherence of the population to those general appeals it is necessary to improve radically the knowledge
of health professionals about individual exercise prescription. The aim of this study was to analyze
approach of medical doctors in this particular dilemma.
Methods and Results.A questionnaire was distributed at postgraduate courses for medical doctors. Data
from doctors of different specializations were summarized (N=657, from which 458 were females, i.e.
69,7 %, mean age=38,8±9,74). 96,4 % of doctors stated that they recommend exercise to their patients
though only up to 23,4 % of them are regularly asked by their patients about the exercise. Concrete (type,
intensity, duration and frequency) or individually tailored recommendation give 66,2 %, or 62,6 % of
doctors respectively. Most respondents (56,0 %) also recommend a consultation of another specialist
(mostly rehabilitation doctor and physiotherapist). Majority of addressed professionals shows that current
medical education structure does not enable adequate prescription of physical activity without the
help of specialist.
Conclusions. Study showed a positive attitude of medical doctors to exercise prescription. However,
information about the need of individualized prescription and knowledge about possibilities of exercise
therapy in particular regions should be increased.
physical activity, prescription, civilization disorders, prevention, quality of life.