Background. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) has been reported to be the best laboratory marker of the
chronic alcohol abuse, but there are conflicting data on its accuracy and sensitivity ranging from 19 % to 96 % in
various studies. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic efficiency of CDT with the other markers of
alcohol abuse used in clinical practice with respect to possible sex differences.
Methods and Results. The serum CDT (using the method of anion-exchange chromatography and TIA), mean
corpuscular volume (MCV), gamma-glutamyl-transferase (GMT) values and platelet count were evaluated in 50
alcohol-dependent patients admitted to the Center of Detoxification and in the reference group of 85 healthy
teetotallers. The cut-off values for %CDT where established in the level of 2,2 % and 2,5 % for men and women
respectively. In men we proved a comparatively high diagnostic efficiency of CDT (AUC 0,94, senzitivity 82,6 %,
specificity 96,7 %) and GMT, MCV seem to be less accurate marker of chronic alcohol abuse. In contrast there was
a lower diagnostic validity of CDT in women in comparison with common markers (AUC 0,83, senzitivity 60 %,
specificity 88 %).
Conclusions. The laboratory diagnosis of chronic alcohol consumption can be improved by using a combination of
several markers. The specificity and also the cumulative sensitivity of such a battery of laboratory markers can be
elevated by CDT evaluation. In a part of patients, CDT can be the only detectable abnormity.
carbohydrate deficient transferrin, mean corpuscular volume, gamma-glutamyl transferasis, chronic
alcohol consumption, ROC curve.