Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a therapeutic, interventional radiologic procedure originally developed in France by
Galibert, Deramond et al. (1987). The technique consists of the percutaneous puncture of the affected vertebral body,
followed by injection of bone cement into a vertebral body for the relief of pain, and the strengthening of the bone.
The procedure was used initially to treat aggressive hemangiomas, but it then was extended to the treatment of
osteolytic metastases, multiple myeloma and osteoporotic compression fractures refractory to medical therapy. In this
article we review the current techniques, indications for this procedure, preoperative and postoperative evaluations.
percutaneous vertebroplasty, osteoporosis, vertebral compressive fracture, polymethylmethacrylic