Remodelling of the left ventricle after myocardial infarction is a major cause of the heart failure development with
possible death. Despite application of pharmacological, catheter and surgical interventions and the use of new
mechanical devices, the myocardium lost during myocardial infarction cannot be regenerated. Implantation of
bone-marrowst em cells into the heart might be a new method to restore myocardial viability. In animal experiments,
attempts to replace fibrotic zone by transplanting stem cells have regularly succeeded in reconstituting myocardial
structure – cardiomyocytes and capillary vessels. Repair of myocardium using bone-marrowde rived multipotent
stem cells was shown in experimental and in the first few clinical studies. Current status of our knowledge about the
use of stemcells in themyocardial regeneration is described in this article, as well as the cautions, which are necessary
during early period of this mode of treatment in humans.
acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular dysfunction, heart failure, bone-marrowst em cells.