Background. Treatment of the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in neonates with early manifestations has been
accompaniedwith significant mortality. Authors present the treatment protocol employed in such children and results
from the period January 1994 to December 2003.
Methods and Results. Since January 1994 to December 2003 96 children were cured for the Congenital Diaphragmatic
Hernia. Ratio F:M was 36:60. 29 children (30 %) were diagnosed prenatally, the remaining newborns were
diagnosed on the basis of thoracic X-ray, which was required for the early signs of respiratory insufficiency. The
postnatal treatment protocol included circulation-ventilation stabilisation, operation, early extubation and initiation
of the peroral nourishment. Altogether 78 (81 %) of children were operated after the stabilization using the standard
laparotomy method, 5 children (6%)were operatedwith extra corporalmembrane oxygenation, in 20 children (26%)
a Goretexpa tch was used to cover an extensive defect in the diaphragm. Overall survival was 74%, survival of
operated children was 91%, 75 % of children with a patch survived, survival of children operated with ECMO was
40 %. Relapse occurred in one child (1 %) with a patch.
Conclusions. Specification of the prenatal diagnosis and collection of patients with CDH into tertiary centres with
ECMO possibility can improve prognosis of neonates with the malformation.
congenital diaphragmatic hernia, ECMO, Goretex, pulmonary hypertension, lung hypoplasia, nitrogen